The First Closed Captioned News
In 1972 ABC began rebroadcasting its national news program on PBS five hours after its broadcast on ABC-TV. When The Closed Captioned ABC News began in 1973, it offered the only timely newscast accessible to deaf and hard-of-hearing viewers, and remained so for nearly a decade..
The First Closed Captioning in America
The first use of regularly scheduled closed captioning on American television occurred on March 16, 1980. Sears developed and sold their Telecaption adapter, a decoding unit that could be connected to a standard television set. The first programs seen with captioning was Disney's Son of Flubber, the movie Semi-Tough, and PBS's Masterpiece Theatre.
The First Captioned Children's Show
Did you know that 3-2-1 Contact was the first children's program series to be closed captioned, which aired on PBS from march of 1980 to 1988. Later in 1980 Sesame Street became the second children's program to be closed captioned, and is currently the longest running captioned children's program.
First Successful Embedded Captions
On February 15, 1972 ABC and the National Bureau of Standards with the broadcast of "Mod Squad" successfully demonstrated embedded closed captioning, known today as off-line captioning, which is the norm now on all prerecorded television programming.
The First Live Captioned Sport Event
The first live sports event with closed captioning was the Sugar Bowl on January 1, 1981. The captioning of commentary on a live sports event was provided for the first time on the Super Bowl that aired on January 20, 1985. In September 1985, ABC's Monday Night Football became the first sports series to include real-time captioning of commentary.
First Movie With Captioning
In 1947 Emerson Romero, a deaf man whose cousin was the famous movie actor Cesar Romero, developed the first captioning of a film by putting captions between the picture frames. Cesar Romero, stage name Tommy Albert was one of five deaf actors who appeared in silent films.